Joseph E. Armstrong


Recent Publications (Research & Teaching):



Armstrong, J. E.  2009.  Book Review: Tropical Plants of Costa Rica: A guide to native and exotic flora by W. Zuchowski.  Plant Science Bulletin 55 (4): 176-177.


G. E. Collier and J. E. Armstrong.  2009. Sequential florivory/saproflorivory of Anaxagorea crassipetala (Annonaceae) by Diathoneura tessellata (Drosophilidae).  Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 102 (3): 492-297.

Armstrong, J. E.   2007.  Book Review: Flowers: How They Changed the World by W. Burger.  Plant Science Bulletin 53(2): 76-78.

Hedberg, A., V. Borowicz, and J. E. Armstrong.  2005.  Interactions between a hemiparasitic plant, Pedicularis  canadensis L. (Orobanchaceae), and members of a tall grass prairie community.  Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society  132 (2): 401-410.

Sundberg, M., J. E. Armstrong, E. W. Wischusen. 2005.  A Reappraisal of the status of introductory biology laboratory education in U. S. Colleges and Universities.  The American Biology Teacher, 67(9): 525-529.

Armstrong, J. E.  2003.  Book Review: Flora Malesiana Series I, Volume 14: Myristicaceae by W. J. J. O. de Wilde.  Systematic Botany  28: 640-641.

Ampornpan, L. and J. E. Armstrong.  2002.  Floral development of Salpiglossis and the oblique ovary of Solanaceae. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society  129: 85-95.

Armstrong, J. E.  2002. Fringe science: is the corolla of Nymphoides (Menyanthaceae) flowers adapted for surface tension interactions? American Journal of Botany 89: 362-365.

Armstrong, J. E. 1997. Pollination by deceit in nutmeg (Myristica insipida, Myristicaceae): Floral displays and beetle activity at male and female trees. American Journal of Botany 84: 1266-1274.

Armstrong, J. E. and D. Marsh. 1997. Floral herbivory, floral phenology, visitation rate, and fruit set in Anaxagorea crassipetala (Annonaceae), a lowland rain forest tree of Costa Rica. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 124: 228-235.

Ippolito, A. and J. E. Armstrong. 1993. Floral biology of Hornstedtia scottiana (Zingiberaceae) in a lowland rain forest of Australia. Biotropica 25: 281-289.

Anderson, R. A., J. S. Fralish, J. E. Armstrong, and P. K. Benjamin. 1993. The ecology and biology of Panax quinquefolium L. (Araliaceae) in Illinois. American Midland Naturalist.  129(2): 357-372.

Armstrong, J. E. 1992. Lever-action anthers and the forcible shedding of pollen in Torenia (Scrophulariaceae). American Jounal of Botany 79(1): 34-40.

Armstrong, J. E. and A. K. Irvine. 1990. Functions of staminodia in the beetle-pollinated flowers of Eupomatia laurina. Biotropica 22(4): 429- 431.

Irvine, A. K. and J. E. Armstrong. 1990. Beetle pollination in tropical forests of Australia. In: K.S. Bawa and M. Hadley (eds.), Reproductive Ecology of Tropical Forest Plants. Man and the Biosphere Series 7. UNESCO, Paris and Parthenon Publ., Carnforth. Pp. 135-149.

Armstrong, J. E. and A. W. Douglas. 1989. The ontogenetic basis for corollar aestivation in Scrophulariaceae. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 116(4): 378-389.

Armstrong, J. E. and A. K. Irvine. 1989. Flowering, sex ratios, pollen/ovule ratios, fruit set, and reproductive effort of Myristica insipida in two different rainforest communities. American Jounal of Botany 76(1): 74-85.

Armstrong, J. E. and A. K. Irvine. 1989. Floral biology of Myristica insipida, a distinctive beetle pollination syndrome. American Jounal of Botany 76(1): 86-94.




Sundberg, M., J. E. Armstrong, E. W. Wischusen. 2005.  A Reappraisal of the status of introductory biology laboratory education in U. S. Colleges and Universities.  American Biology Teacher  October (8): 598-602.

Armstrong, J. E. (2003).  A Rational Look at Herbal Remedies as Toxic Plants, Part I and Part II.  The REALL News.  11(9): 1-7, 11(10): 1-5.

Armstrong, J. E. and J. Jernstedt. 2003.  Botanical Society of America’s statement on evolution.  Skeptical Inquirer  27 (6, November-December): 12-14.

_____________.  Statement on evolution by the Botanical Society of America.  In: Voices for Evolution.  National Center for Science Education. ( 

Armstrong, J. E. 2001. A small survey of college student attitudes and beliefs about science, pseudoscience, and the paranormal. The REALL News 9(11): 1-6.

Sundberg, M. D., J. E. Armstrong, M. Dini, and W. Wischusen. 2000. Some practical tips for instituting investigative biology laboratories. Journal of College Science Teaching Teaching. 29 (5): 353-359.

Stanley, E. D., J. E. Armstrong, and D. Rhodes. 1999. Winter twig key. In: The Bioquest Library, vol. V, J. R. Jungck (ed.). Academic Press, San Diego.

Armstrong, J. E. 1998.  The Wall Street Journal blurs the lines between science, opinion, & politics on global warming.  The REALL News, vol. 6 (9), 4 pp.

Armstrong, J. E. 1998. The 5-Minute Exercise - A lecture classroom device to promote active learning. Pp. 48-51. In: The insider’s guide to teaching at Illinois State University. R. Trites (ed.). Center for the Advancement of Teaching, Illinois State University, Normal.

Stanley, E. D. and J. E. Armstrong. 1995. What tree is this? Winter twigs as clues. Illinois Dept. of Conservation, Springfield, IL, Pp. 175. (Interactive Computer Program available online at BIOLAB WWW <>)

Armstrong, J. E. 1994. BIOLAB BBS FAQs: An Internet repository for innovative, investigative laboratory exercises in biology. Internet electronic publication. Pp. 1-12.

Armstrong, J. E. 1994. Seed. World Book Encyclopedia. Chicago.

Sundberg, M. D. and J. E. Armstrong. 1993. The status of laboratory instruction for introductory biology in U. S. American Biology Teacher (March) 55(3): 144-146.

Armstrong, J. E. and C. M. Schmidt. 1992. Problem-solving laboratory exercises for introductory biology. Stipes Publ. Co., Champaign, IL, Pp. 1-130.

Armstrong, J. E. 1992. Alternation of Generations; Inflorescence. World Book Encyclopedia. 1: 388, 10: 268-269. Chicago.

Armstrong, J. E. 1991. Test your botanical word power, vol. 6. (F). Plant Science Bulletin 37(4): 28.

Armstrong, J. E. 1991. Raceme; Sap. World Book Encyclopedia. 16: 51, 17:120- 121. Chicago

Armstrong, J. E. and G. E. Collier. 1990. Science in biology: An introduction. Waveland Press, Prospect Heights, IL, Pp. 394.

Armstrong, J. E. 1990. Auxin; Chloroplast; Perennial; Rhizome; Tuber. World Book Encyclopedia. 1:988, 3:517-518, 15:285, 16:299, 19:477. Chicago.

Armstrong, J. E. and G. E. Collier. 1989. Basic biology. Waveland Press, Prospect Heights, IL, Pp. 344.

Armstrong, J. E. 1989. Annual, Biennial, Bud, Cotyledon. World Book Encyclopedia. 1: 518, 2:295, 2:675-676, 4:1096.

Armstrong, J. E. 1988. The problems with biology: Laboratory exercises in introductory biology. Stipes Publishing, Champaign, IL. Pp. 175.